Foreign media list of the world's top ten sustainable buildings, nearly half of China on the list
N years ago, perhaps we will think that the shape of the gorgeous, high buildings over the sky, "nature is excellent", but nowadays, healthy, comfortable, energy-saving, low-carbon sustainable building (the word "sustainable building" by the industry encyclopaedia to provide) is considered to be the "best". "The best of all worlds". I learnt that sustainable building (sustainable building) was put forward in 1993 by Dr Charles Cabot of the United Kingdom, the concept of "the pursuit of reducing the load on the environment, and the environment, but also conducive to the health of the occupants". It aims to reduce energy consumption, save water, reduce pollution, protect the environment and ecology, protect health, increase productivity and benefit future generations. Recently, the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) has counted down the top 10 sustainable buildings in the world. It is worth noting that China has four "tall" buildings on the list! In addition, the United Kingdom has three, and the United States, Canada, Spain and Bahrain each have one. Let's take a look at which buildings are on the list! Angel Square 1 Coordinates: Manchester, UK Tags: good example of local materials
One Angel Square in Manchester, UK is the new headquarters building for the Co-operative Group. Designed by 3Dreid Architects and completed in 2012, it houses over 30,000 square metres of high quality office space. Figures show that compared to Co-operative's previous HQ building, it saves 50 per cent on energy consumption, 80 per cent on carbon emissions and up to 30 per cent on operating costs! It is worth noting the principles of local sourcing and sustainability practised by the High Quality Group. It is understood that the building's energy comes from a low-carbon cogeneration system, whereby rapeseed produced by the local 'High Quality Farm' is used as a biofuel to power the cogeneration plant, with the remaining crop husks recycled into 'food' for the farm animals. Excess energy is supplied to the grid or used in other NOMA developments (the UK's largest regional regeneration project, initiated by the High Quality Group). The remaining waste energy will be channelled to an absorption chiller to cool the building.
The designers have taken global warming into account and have based their measures on weather forecasts for the year 2050. The building will be able to cope with an increase in average summer temperatures of three to five degrees and a 30 per cent increase in winter precipitation. And the building's fabric and environmental systems are designed to become more efficient as the temperature rises each year. In addition, the building incorporates wastewater recycling and rainwater harvesting systems to ensure low water consumption. The building also uses low-energy LED lighting and as much natural light as possible, so there are no desks beyond seven metres from the windows. There is also a charging station for electric cars, which will better meet the mobility needs of future residents of the building. Crystal Building Co-ordinates: London, UK Label: All-electric smart "crystal"
This investment of 35 million euros, took one and a half years to build the Siemens Crystal Building has become a new landmark building in London, England. It is designed by Wilkinson & dot; Eyre (Wilkinson Eyre) architectural design firm, Germany Siemens construction. Crystal Building is an "all-electric" intelligent building (the word "intelligent building" provided by the industry encyclopaedia), the use of solar energy and ground source heat pumps to provide energy for innovative technology, the building does not need to burn any fossil fuels, the electricity generated can be stored in the battery. Batteries. In addition, the Crystal Building incorporates a rainwater harvesting system that converts rainwater into drinking water, a black water (toilet sewage) treatment system, solar heating and a new building management system that allows the building to control and manage energy automatically. There are also charging stations for electric vehicles and they are part of the Source London electric vehicle charging network project.
The Siemens "Crystal" in London is reportedly only the first and largest of three urban competence centres Siemens plans to build around the world. In the next few years, there will be two other urban competence centres will be completed in Shanghai and Washington, let's wait and see. Third, the Bank of America Building Coordinates: the United States, New York on the list of tags: the United States of America's most environmentally friendly skyscraper
Located in New York City Bryant Park (Bryant Park) across the Bank of America Tower (Bank of America Tower) is the first U.S. green energy and environmental design pioneer award (LEED) platinum-level certification of commercial high-rise buildings, currently ranked 13th in the global skyscraper. The Bank of America Tower was designed by Cook +Fox and completed in 2009. The building has 54 floors, is 366 metres high and has 2.1 million square feet of office space, costing $2 billion.
The most notable aspect of this building should be the realisation of the application of environmentally friendly technology. It is understood that it can reuse wastewater and rainwater to a great extent, saving millions of gallons of pure water consumption every year. The building's crystalline façade also makes efficient use of solar energy and captures changes in the angle of light, while the high-performance all-glass façade ensures that daylight is maximised. The building also has a 4.6 MW natural gas-fired power plant, which, together with an ice storage system, reduces the building's electricity demand by 30 per cent at peak times. In addition, it is also equipped with through the roof of the glass curtain wall, advanced underground air circulation system and other environmental protection devices, can be said to be the most environmentally friendly building in the United States at present! Fourth, the Shanghai Centre Tower Coordinates: China, Shanghai on the list Tags: energy-saving and environmentally friendly China's tallest building
The picture shows Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai World Financial Centre, and the Shanghai Centre Tower under construction. China's tallest building - Shanghai Centre Tower recently tower crown structure topped out successfully. The skyscraper is scheduled to be completed by the end of this year and put into operation in mid-2015, according to the editorial. With a height of 632 metres, the Shanghai Tower will also become the second tallest building in the world. In addition to its "tall and handsome" appearance, the most attention has been paid to its own application of a number of sustainable development technologies, technology areas involved in lighting, heating, cooling, power generation and renewable energy. It is predicted that these energy-saving technologies will reduce the building's carbon emissions by 25,000 tonnes per year.
The crown of the tower will be fitted with a spiral rainwater harvesting system. As can be seen in the diagram, the exterior of the building has a rotating, asymmetrical external façade that reduces the building's wind load (the pressure exerted on the engineered structure by the flow of air) by 24 per cent. The funnel-shaped spiral top also collects rainwater and channels it into a water tank for use in the building. In terms of natural light sources, the Shanghai Centre Tower also uses an all-glass curtain wall with a special coloured glaze to provide shading during the summer months, and transoms on each floor to effectively block the intense summer sunlight. The lighting system of the building adopts the most efficient LED light source, all-round central green lighting control system and other green energy-saving devices. The building also uses geothermal resources for heating and cooling, which is quite environmentally friendly!
Central enterprises' dividends are further required to be used for livelihood expenditures. On 3 May, a notice from the SASAC required central enterprises to participate in the construction of guaranteed housing. In this document called "on actively participate in the development and construction of security housing notice on matters related to", the SASAC requires the central enterprises to further increase the investment in the development and construction of security housing, through a variety of ways to participate in the development and construction of security housing. This is also the first time that SASAC has issued a special document requiring central enterprises to participate in the construction of protected housing.